Agriculture

in Oberstdorf

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Important agriculture and Alpine farming

More and more people long for the original, the real things and this is excactly what you can still see on the Alpine huts in the Allgäu Region in an almost unadulterated form. Furthermore, the value of agriculture and Alpine farming becomes more and more clear regarding our health, environmental protection, ecology, culture and last but not least tourism.

The Oberstdorf “Gassenkühe” first head to the pastures in spring

From early May to mid-September, the cows are driven through Oberstdorf’s lanes. After the long winter, the animals are visibly keen to return to the pastures daily again.

Wiggling ears and raised tails are clear signs of happy cows – and ones that can be seen by anyone who finds themselves in Oberstdorf’s lanes in the mornings and evenings. This is when the “Gassenkühe” (literally “lane cows”) are driven along these to and from the Oberstdorf community pastures
on the northern and southern edges of the town. The cows belong to several farmers. They know which stall is theirs and can practically find their way back to it on their own. Most of the cows wear small bells (and sometimes large ones) so that they can be easily located on the pastures and meadows even in bad weather. The small bells have a leather strap and no fringe or similar adornments. The larger bells, on the other hand, are fringed and often only used during the traditional “Viehscheid” cattle drive. The bells sound very musical and the animals use them to orientate themselves within the herd. Oberstdorf “lane cows” usually wear the same small bell for life.

A varied information brochure on agriculture and alpine business in Oberstdorf is available at all Tourist Information offices.

At mid altitude

Dairy huts or “Sennalpen” are alpine huts with pastures where dairy cows are reared. These are milked twice a day. The farmer, who is also a dairyman and therefore a qualified cheesemaker, uses the milk to create our fabulous mountain cheese on site.

Alpine farming in Oberstdorf: dairy huts

In addition to mountain cheese, the farmers also make mountain butter, yogurt, quark and various other types of cheese. The dairy huts are
managed by the farmers’ families. You can try the products directly on site. There is nothing better than a hearty snack of bread and cheese washed down with a glass of milk to sate your hunger and thirst when hiking. There are also several alpine huts that don’t produce their own dairy products but are still great places to visit. Combined with a hike or a hearty snack made from local products, an unforgettable experience is guaranteed.

Tourismus Oberstdorf

Here you can find all farmed alpine huts in Oberstdorf which also have some small food offers.

At alpine altitude

Some 1,400 young cattle spend their summer on the Oberstdorf young stock pastures or “Galtalpen”. Young cows aged between 1 and 3 years that do not produce milk yet are also classed as young stock. As summer progresses, the farmers drive the young stock even higher up to the mountains, from one “Galtalpe” to the next.

Alpine farming in Oberstdorf: young stock pastures

Unlike “Sennalpen” where the cows’ milk is processed on site, the cattle on the young stock pastures are left to their own devices. As such, young stock pastures do not normally have serviced huts. The cows are either looked after all day by smallholder farmers or kept in a large, fenced-off area. This prevents anything from happening to them and keeps them away from crevices or other hazardous areas. The young stock pastures are located at various altitudes. The young cattle often remain near the lowest hut for one or two weeks. Later they move on to the second hut, followed in some cases by a third hut in high summer. This will be at the highest altitude of about 2,000 m above sea level. There are no roads or paved routes to these pastures; the farmers must carry any necessary belongings and food themselves. As a result, the herds of cattle are often accompanied by donkeys, which are used as packhorses. Unexpected snowfall in high summer is a frequent phenomenon in the Allgäu Alps. This change in weather can sometimes be dangerous for the animals. Constant rain softens the ground so the cattle can no longer find a firm footing. Additional aids become necessary. The Alpine summer traditionally ends with the “Viehscheid” cattle drive when the young cattle are driven back down into the valley from the young stock pastures. On reaching the “Scheidplatz” (literally “dividing place”), the herd is divided up and owners can guide their young cattle back to their stalls.

Tourismus Oberstdorf

"Viehscheid": Celebration to end the summer in the pastures

The cattle drives in mid-September are a long-standing tradition.

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